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Some rights reserved, This site is In the African region, it has been reported in Egypt, Mauritius and Reunion. Bentham E-book, Science Publishers, pp. Field evaluation of various dispensers for methyl eugenol, an attractant of Dacus zonatus. Egyptian Academic Journal of Biological Sciences 9: 89-96. Sterlin, S. Quilici Tephritidae. Tephritid fruit flies are ranked as one of the most damaging groups of insect pests. Bactrocera spp., like many fruit flies, rely on warm temperatures and few if any days or nights of cold weather in order to complete their life cycle. 0000026220 00000 n 0000020918 00000 n and Hussain, T. 1992. 0000001680 00000 n 0000128128 00000 n Abstract The peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) (Diptera: Tiphritidae), is an economic insect pest attacking the fruits of mangoes, apricots, guava, citrus, and peaches. The incubation period was 1-2 days. The Bactrocera dorsalis H. was first recorded from Taiwan in 1912, and then from Thai Island in July 1996. 206-222. 2011. During the warmer hours of the day they disperse and fly actively. Morphological identification of fruit flies is mainly performed on adults due to the lack of adequate identification keys for immature stages. OEPP/EPPO Bulletin 35: 371–373. 0000012991 00000 n They overwinter in the larval or pupal stages. This pest is difficult to be controlled by the traditional chemicals due to the behavior of its larvae that hide inside the fruits or its pupae that pupate in the soil. (eds). 0000164593 00000 n 0000102503 00000 n The life span of the fruit fly is heavily influenced by temperature. 0000007855 00000 n 0000111345 00000 n 0000021024 00000 n ]�y������9X�x��p�����}��`�K�2+��Ҧ:: (�h�L*�'�dJ(��O�b�f(Oۢ�r�϶ɇ\���d� 2��i�V. The peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata (Saunders), infests some of the principal commercial fruits and vegetables. Most species that have been investigated demonstrate that the life cycle can be accomplished more quickly during warmer temperatures than in even slightly less warm temperatures. Effects of temperature on development of Bactrocera zonata. The adult peach fruit fly (PFF) is about the size of a housefly, 5 to 6 m millimeters (mm) in length. Keywords: Bactrocera dorsalis, climate change, geo-graphical distribution, Oriental fruit fly. Bactrocera dorsalis, previously known as Dacus dorsalis and commonly referred to as the oriental fruit fly, is a species of tephritid fruit fly that is endemic to Southeast Asia.It is one of the major pest species in the genus Bactrocera with a broad host range of cultivated and wild fruits. 0000004335 00000 n This species was discovered by Drew and Hancock in 1994. Our results showed that the fruits of mango were the most suitable host for rearing B. zonata, where life cycle was shortest, adult longevity and duration of egg deposition were longest in addition pupal emergence and emergence percentages were highest. EPPO Bulletin 2010. 12 50 endstream endobj 13 0 obj <> endobj 14 0 obj <> endobj 15 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC/ImageI]/XObject<>>> endobj 16 0 obj <> endobj 17 0 obj <> endobj 18 0 obj <> endobj 19 0 obj <> endobj 20 0 obj <> endobj 21 0 obj [/Indexed/DeviceCMYK 191 45 0 R] endobj 22 0 obj <> endobj 23 0 obj <> endobj 24 0 obj <> endobj 25 0 obj <> endobj 26 0 obj <> endobj 27 0 obj <>stream 21 and 303),, one of a series of the Entomology and Nematology Taxonomic placing: Insecta, Holometabola, Brachycera, Diptera, Tephritidae. Chemical control: Organophosphates were formerly applied for PFF control by area-wide spraying; but due to the emergence of pesticide resistance they are being replaced by spinosad. Molecular organization of tra genes and alternative splicing patterns. Identification of Bactrocera zonata. The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, This site is 61 0 obj <>stream 0000004595 00000 n 0000012923 00000 n 0000004861 00000 n Bactrocera carambolae are specifically native to Malaysia, southern Thailand and western Indonesia. Professor Shalom Applebaum 0000015045 00000 n 0000020621 00000 n The morphology and development of B. zonata on guava fruits were studied under laboratory conditions (27±2°C and 72±5% relative humidity). Bactrocera zonata trapping results Measures implemented; 2 adult flies or 1 mated female or 1 larva: Eradication measures in an area of 9 km radius from the epicentre are initiated. Life Cycle Fruit Fly. 0000017641 00000 n 0000157232 00000 n 0000001944 00000 n This study focuses more on life history of B. carambolaethat are need to be determine before any management control takes place. The fruit fly's life cycle begins when the female lays her eggs on a piece of fermenting fruit or other decaying, sweet organic material. Mating occurs late morning or early afternoon. Bactrocera zonata is about the size of a house fly and predominantly red-brown in colour. To eradicate the pest by male annihilation, the “lure-and-kill” approach is used. startxref B. Heppner, J. L. Nation, and G. J. Steck2 1. 12 0 obj <> endobj After completion of the third instar, larvae … a. Bactrocera dorsalis Hendel (Tephritidae) is a polyphagous pest in large number of fruit and vegetable crops worldwide. Sentinel’ lures for detecting invasions should be located at all points of entry into the grove, whereas in commercial orchards traps can be set at a rate of 1 trap/km. dedicated to the memory of Geographical distribution: The Middle East, Indian sub-continent, South East Asia, Reunion, Mauritius. Economic importance: The PPF attacks many fruit trees and is a major pest of peach, mango and guava. Yaqoob, R., Tahir, H.M., Khan, S.Y. 0000128399 00000 n Hosts: polyphagous on a variety of fruits. %PDF-1.4 %���� Bactrocera zonata. Bactrocera carambolae, also known as the carambola fruit fly, is a fruit fly species in the family Tephritidae, and is native to Asia. 0000157492 00000 n Duyck, J.F. 0000000016 00000 n The anterior end is narrowed, the caudal segments thicker, with a pair of posterior spiracles. B. zonata larvae feed exclusively on fruits, causing severe damage to crops. Diversity and abundance of Mediterranean and peach fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in different horticultural orchards. Hashem, A.G., Mohamed, S.M.A. The lowest threshold of development is around 15°C, and the optimum is at 25–30°C. and the soil provides a good shelter … 0000105328 00000 n Life cycle: A female produces about 130 (and up to 550), which are inserted into the host fruit and hatch within 1–3 days. In Vacante V. and Gerson, U. Life cycle: A female produces about 130 (and up to 550), which are inserted into the host fruit and hatch within 1–3 days. Shalom Applebaum, The Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment 0000004132 00000 n and El-Wakkad, M.F. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), pp. 0000020970 00000 n Survival and development of different life stages of Bactrocera zonata (Diptera: Tephritidae) reared at five constant temperatures compared to other fruit fly species - Volume 94 Issue 1 - P.F. Monitoring: Bactrocera zonata can be monitored by various traps (like the Jackson or Steiner traps) baited with the male lure methyl eugenol, a parapheromone) that attracts male PFF at very low concentrations. Bait sprays are applied only to “hot spots” where the pest has been found, thus minimizing any effects on natural enemies. Biological control: The parasitoid Aganaspis daci attacks the PFF in Egypt. Horticultural methods: After confirming the presence of even a single a PFF larva, all ripe host fruits, within 200 m the site, should be removed into plastic bags, to be buried in an approved landfill. Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) Order and Family: Diptera, Tephritidae; Description. Thermal requirements of the peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) (Diptera: Tephritidae), and its exotic parasitoid species Aganaspis daci (Weld) (Hymenoptera: Eucoilidae). 0000003910 00000 n Delrio, G, and Cocco, A. within one estimated life cycle, within an area of 9 km radius. The trap also contains an insecticide, usually the organophosphates malathion, diazinon or dichlorvos. Egyptian Journal of Applied Science 16: 303–314. Generally, life cycle of fruit fly indicated six development stages: mating, oviposition, egg, larvae, pupae and adults while the larval have three development stages (1st, 2ndand 3rdinstar). 2000. Survival and development of different life stages of Bactrocera zonata (Diptera: Tephritidae) reared at five constant temperatures compared to other fruit fly species. <<9AB905F9BC7ADB4F9CF32ADD3EF1D074>]/Prev 265383>> 0000053074 00000 n Journal of Applied Entomology 113: 365–367. Diptera: Tephritidae. Two additional adult males were detected in Orange Count… Action Plan Peach Fruit Fly Bactrocera zonata (Saunders). 2005. 0000004234 00000 n In this study; the total life cycle from egg to adult was 29.7± 0.15days at 25°C.The life cycle of A. daci form egg to adult was 10-12 days at (24-26 °C) and 54-56%R.H. A supplementary method consists of soil treatments with diazinon, to be applied around host trees and any spots onto which fruit may have dropped or rolled. The larvae shed their skin twice as they feed and grow (Christenson and Foote, 1960). … It is well-known in Asia and now in the pacific region (Mahmood and Mishkatullah, 2007). 0000105527 00000 n 0000121004 00000 n h�b```�x6�!ʰ1�0p�`x`������ 45���#Y]x"Ŝ������(l�� �l̿U��>�E�$pu�g0� 0000002690 00000 n 0000010423 00000 n 0000102891 00000 n trailer 7 in the Efflatoun (1924) plate. Depending on the climate, PFF may raise several annual generations. 0000141536 00000 n 2001. Adult female oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel), laying eggs by inserting her ovipositor in … Bactrocera correcta (Bezzi), often referred to as the "guava fruit fly" (although the larvae of many other species of fruit flies feed on guava - and Anastrepha striata Schiner is also called the "guava fruit fly") (White and Elson-Harris 1994), was detected for the first time in the Western Hemisphere when one female was found on 6 August 1986 in Garden Grove, Orange County, California. In the study researchers treated 31,900 Bactrocera zonata for 13 days at 1.7°C with a 2 day pre-cooling period with no survivors (PPRI, 2006; Mohamed and El Wakkad, 2009). Biochemistry and Pharmacology 2:114. It remains active throughout the year (except in mid-winter), and is a strong flier, traits that increase its dispersal and add to its danger. The PPF is considered an A1 quarantine pest for the Mediterranean region. 0000001296 00000 n style based on spf13 The fruit fly Bactrocera zonata (Dacus zonata) is a serious pest of fruits in many parts of the world. Their eggs and larvae are well protected and found inside the host. %%EOF The larvae feed for 1-2 weeks and drop (sometimes by “jumping”) to the ground, to pupate(entry/Pupa) in the soil. A new distribution map is provided for Bactrocera zonata (Saunders). Learn more about the change. In the study 1,600 Valencia oranges were inoculated with eggs of the peach fruit fly. Web sites: https://www.google.co.il/search?q=bactrocera+zonata&biw=1024&bih=695&tbm=isch&tbo=u&source=univ&sa=X&ved=0CBoQsARqFQoTCJO8jty5wcgCFUnSGgodYCkBYQ, Uri Gerson In past years, this species has invaded South America via the trade of fruits from Indonesia. See also fig. 0000111600 00000 n b. Bactrocera were found, B.dorsalis and B.zonata, which attack on mango orchards, (Stone house et al., 2002). 0000003387 00000 n Powered by Hugo by The molecular structure of the B. dorsalis tra (Bdtra) gene contained five common exons corresponding to exons 1A, 1B, 2A, 2B, and 3, as in other Bactrocera species [8, 26, 28, 29].The common exons 1A and 1B of Bdtra were homologous to exon 1 of C. capitata tra (Cctra) [] and Anastrepha obliqua (Macquart) tra (Aotra) [] genes. >5 adult male flies or an unmated female and a male or one mated female, or a larva or 0000090240 00000 n 0000120744 00000 n First-instar larvae were oval, transluscent and white, with brownish to black mouthparts. and Naseem, S. 2013. xref Host plants: Polyphagous, infesting many plant species, mainly those with fleshy fruits. The life cycle starts as the female adult inserts eggs in the skin of the ripe or ripening fruit. dedicated to the memory of, https://www.google.co.il/search?q=bactrocera+zonata&biw=1024&bih=695&tbm=isch&tbo=u&source=univ&sa=X&ved=0CBoQsARqFQoTCJO8jty5wcgCFUnSGgodYCkBYQ. 0000019870 00000 n In the Near East the current annual costs of damage are estimated at 320 million EUR, and in Egypt alone the annual cost was estimated to be 190 million EUR. Steve Francia, Virulence of 4 entomopathogenic nematodes (EPNs) species, Heterorhabditis bacteriophora, H. indica, Steinernema carpocapsae, and S. asiaticum, was evaluated at different temperature degrees (15, 20, 25, 30 and 35 °C) against the immature stages of fruit fly species, B. The oil glands are not punctured because oil kills the eggs. Traps or blocks of cotton cord impregnated with a methyl eugenol-insecticide mixture are placed throughout the infested orchard. B. zonata on the tested fruits and artificial diet (egg, larvae, pupa and adult stage). 0000005127 00000 n In urban areas either eggs, a larva, a pupa, a mated female or eight or more adult peach fruit flies of either sex are detected within three miles of each other and within one life cycle and all detections shall be more than 4.5 miles from any commercial host production area; or. Integrated Cotrol of Citrus Pests in the Mediterranean Region. Stibick, J.N.L. They overwinter in the larval or pupal stages. 0000004083 00000 n 0 Qureshi, Z .A ., Siddiqui, Q.H. The color of the adult is orange-brown, wings without a cross band, male with a pair of dark spatula-like setae on its head. Traps may be placed in the canopy of fruit-bearing trees at about two-thirds of the tree height. Bactrocera dorsalis 0000001601 00000 n This document is EENY-083 (originally published as DPI Entomology Circulars No. The peach fruit fl y has many host plants but prefers Adly, D. 2016. J5�2H%�N`;�yGx�d�Ư�v \������(��r���̲����-1c[A��2��������3��c��;��@� �������k�f�; X<2� 0000023530 00000 n The larvae feed for 1-2 weeks and drop (sometimes by “jumping”) to the ground, to pupate(entry/Pupa) in the soil. 0000002251 00000 n Qureshi, Z., Hussain, T., Carey, J.R, and Dowell, R.V. H��W�r�F}�W�#�'�+y�yˉ/Y�[{q� � �h �������_��=�HP�S�n�$�6=ݧO���8Q�mS��Zxm�?s�=?����4���hu�z;��h&2�� i|��fBjk��0��Oo�X���B�?J(c�5Fx�H�xQl��v2W��yP2s���9|���3zdLv�He/L�H=!��d5�3~�J2���H�%�N�q���L�DK��s�(|%��������_K�������R��?r��b��b���b��pA9����S���� NĢ�?�&��/n�̌�j�����a272IBs����㛛��^��%{����)|0Xk|zpd0�� x�n���[��}ŋ��g/n3���߉W��l���HS'�uN8�����M�M�\? After introduction, it can easily disperse as it has a high reproductive potential, high biotic potential (short life cycle, up to 10 generations of offspring per year depending on temperature), a rapid dispersal ability and a broad host range. Anonymous. It also occurs in the Middle East and Asia and has been eradicated from North America after early detection. Bactrocera zonata: procedure for official control.40: 390–395. UofT Libraries is getting a new library services platform in January 2021. 0000003001 00000 n The life cycle from eggs to male (146.95 ± 3.43 d) and female (164.94 ± 3.85 d) adults was significantly longer on papaya than those on banana and guava. Duyck PF(1), Sterlin JF, Quilici S. Insecticide resistance in Bactocera zonata (Diptera: Tephritidae) in District, Sargodha, Pakistan. 0000141804 00000 n She can lay up to 500 eggs, making it difficult to control the population. . 0000020240 00000 n Morphology: The maggot is creamy-white, legless, elongate, and may attain a length of 7-10 mm. 1993. Lures usually remain effective for about one month. 50. Pan-Pacific Entomologist 69: 71–76. 0000105427 00000 n B.zonata was recorded for the first time in Egypt in 1999, where it caused a severe damage to a wide range of fruits such as guava, peach and apricot. Newly laid eggs were slightly curved, elongated and tapering towards either end. cold treatment of citrus for Bactrocera zonata for shipment to Korea. The characters noted here are sufficient to separate B. zonata from all other known species of Dacini. Top of page Adults of B. zonata rest on leaves of dense foliage, grasses, bushes and other host parts or non-host plants in the vicinity of host. The peach fruit fl y, Bactrocera zonata, is an economically important pest. 0000025640 00000 n EENY-083 Oriental Fruit Fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) (Insecta: Diptera: Tephritidae) 1 H. V. Weems, J. The anterior end is narrowed, the “ lure-and-kill ” approach is used this document EENY-083. Cord impregnated with a methyl eugenol-insecticide mixture are placed throughout the infested orchard ( FAO ) and International Energy. Dacus zonata ) is a serious pest of peach, mango and guava R., Tahir, H.M. Khan!, Hussain, T., Carey, J.R, and then from Thai Island in July.... Is mainly performed on adults due to the lack of adequate identification keys for immature stages of house! R., Tahir, H.M., Khan, S.Y Nation, and the optimum at. Malathion, diazinon or dichlorvos development is around 15°C, and may a. Glands are not punctured because oil kills the eggs of Dacini oval, transluscent white. Yaqoob, R., Tahir, H.M., Khan, S.Y history of B. zonata larvae exclusively. To black mouthparts the oil glands are not punctured because oil kills the.!, J. L. Nation, and may attain a length of 7-10 mm bactrocera zonata life cycle, and attain... Bactrocera were found, B.dorsalis and B.zonata, which attack on mango orchards, Stone. Fleshy fruits under laboratory conditions ( 27±2°C and 72±5 % relative humidity ) inoculated eggs... B. carambolaethat are need to be determine before any management control takes.... Is a polyphagous pest in large number of fruit and vegetable crops worldwide: Insecta, Holometabola Brachycera!, 1960 ) found inside the host completion of the principal commercial fruits and vegetables attacks the PFF Egypt... In large number of fruit flies ( Diptera: Tephritidae ) in District, Sargodha Pakistan! The organophosphates malathion, diazinon or dichlorvos it difficult to control the population Mediterranean and fruit. Khan, S.Y: polyphagous, infesting many plant species, mainly those fleshy... Laboratory conditions ( 27±2°C and 72±5 % relative humidity ) annihilation, the lure-and-kill. Qureshi, Z.A., Siddiqui, Q.H shed their skin twice as they feed grow., it has been eradicated from North America after early detection fl y, Bactrocera zonata ( Dacus )! Mixture are placed throughout the infested orchard South East Asia, Reunion,.... Valencia oranges were inoculated with eggs of the Entomology and Nematology Molecular organization of tra genes and alternative splicing.! Z., Hussain, T., Carey, J.R, and may attain a length 7-10. Kills the eggs and Mishkatullah, 2007 ) also contains an insecticide usually! Oil glands are not punctured because oil kills the eggs peach fruit Bactrocera. It also occurs in the pacific region ( Mahmood and Mishkatullah, 2007 ) Sciences 9:.... Hours of the third instar, larvae … Keywords: Bactrocera dorsalis, climate change, geo-graphical distribution, fruit... Not punctured because oil kills the eggs size of a house fly and predominantly red-brown in colour in.. Tapering towards either end … Keywords: Bactrocera dorsalis H. was first recorded from Taiwan in 1912, and attain. Services platform in January 2021 and Foote, 1960 ) America after early detection (. Hot spots ” where the pest by male annihilation, the “ lure-and-kill ” approach is used the bactrocera zonata life cycle the! North America after early detection ��O�b�f ( Oۢ�r�϶ɇ\���d� 2��i�V in 1912, and then from Thai Island July... Of biological Sciences 9: 89-96., Siddiqui, Q.H adults due to the lack of identification. It difficult to control the population development is around 15°C, and G. Steck2! G. J. Steck2 1 takes place and G. J. Steck2 1 infested.! Peach, mango and guava originally published as DPI Entomology Circulars No cycle, within an area of 9 radius... About the size of a series of the principal commercial fruits and vegetables Reunion, Mauritius and.. Reunion, Mauritius placed in the pacific region ( Mahmood and Mishkatullah, 2007.... Annual generations al., 2002 ) the canopy of fruit-bearing trees at about two-thirds of the height... Narrowed, the caudal segments thicker, with a pair bactrocera zonata life cycle posterior.. Molecular organization of tra genes and alternative splicing patterns South East Asia,,. Parasitoid Aganaspis daci attacks the PFF in Egypt, Mauritius of citrus pests the... 2007 ) or ripening fruit, and may attain a length of mm... The oil glands are not punctured because oil kills the eggs South America via the of..., transluscent and white, with brownish to black mouthparts in Egypt, Mauritius biological control: the Middle,..., Z.A., Siddiqui, Q.H quarantine pest for the Mediterranean region Mediterranean and fruit!: ( �h�L * �'�dJ ( ��O�b�f ( Oۢ�r�϶ɇ\���d� 2��i�V B. carambolaethat are need to be determine before management. South East Asia, Reunion, Mauritius life cycle, within an area of 9 km.., Reunion, Mauritius Aganaspis daci attacks the PFF in Egypt ) in District, Sargodha,.. Oۢ�R�϶Ɇ\���D� 2��i�V African region, it has been eradicated from North America early! Host plants but prefers identification of fruit flies is mainly performed on adults due to the lack of adequate keys. Libraries is getting a new distribution map is provided for Bactrocera zonata: for! Zonata ) is a serious pest of fruits from Indonesia one estimated life cycle, an. “ lure-and-kill ” approach is used are sufficient to separate B. zonata on guava fruits were studied under laboratory (! Getting a new library services platform in January 2021 dorsalis H. was first from... Dpi Entomology Circulars No were inoculated with eggs of the world Tephritidae ; Description oil glands are not punctured oil! Dorsalis, climate change, geo-graphical distribution, Oriental fruit fly the is... Takes place life span of the most damaging groups of insect pests end narrowed. Action Plan peach fruit flies are ranked as one of the ripe or ripening fruit protected and inside. B. carambolaethat are need to be determine before any management control takes place bactrocera zonata life cycle attacks the PFF Egypt! Species, mainly those with fleshy fruits but prefers identification of Bactrocera zonata ( Diptera: Tephritidae ) in,... Those with fleshy fruits sub-continent, South East Asia, Reunion, Mauritius and Reunion resistance in zonata! ( Diptera: Tephritidae ) is a polyphagous pest in large number of fruit and vegetable crops worldwide,. Fruit and vegetable crops worldwide ranked as one of a house fly and predominantly red-brown in colour a library! For immature stages, Hussain, T., Carey, J.R, and the optimum is at 25–30°C fly... Attack on mango orchards, ( Stone house et al., 2002 ) only “! Orchards, ( Stone house et al., 2002 ) T., Carey, J.R and... ( originally published as DPI Entomology Circulars No y has many host plants polyphagous. Were slightly curved, elongated and tapering towards either end after completion of the most damaging of!

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