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American hornbeam, which is native to Illinois' woodlands, attains heights of 25 to 40 feet when mature. Leaves turn an undistinguished yellow in … 0000038154 00000 n Please see our copyright statement. Fall color is yellow. Deciduous tree, 25-40 ft (8-12 m) tall, horizontal or drooping branches, rounded outline, pyramidal in youth. Genus: Ostrya. 0000000016 00000 n In fall, the American hornbeam displays leaves of various colors, ranging from yellow to scarlet to reddish-purple. American hophornbeam, which loves hilly areas, has papery capsules containing nuts that are eaten by a variety of wildlife including grouse, bobwhite, deer, pheasant, rabbit and turkey. O���S�)�{�=xM^��/����z��ţOOOOOOOOOOOOO���nW�&���S}�1��8��azڠ��w�M)��[� �Z� O�,�H-�]����mp��=�'�2��LjM�z�U���œ�*��T\\\2::`z���+ \FA���]@���Q��M�� 0000045506 00000 n T�0��i��*�*�b!�I�P�V� ;IX 0000004660 00000 n The bark is smooth and reddish brown with horizontal lenticels in young trees. The bark is brown to gray-brown, with narrow shaggy plates flaking off, while younger twigs and branches are smoother and gray, with small lenticels. 0000012785 00000 n Fall color is yellow. Typically grows 25-40 ft tall with a slightly smaller spread. Ironwood is also an understory tree that will grow in part shade, is virtually disease and insect resistant, and tolerates a wide range of growing conditions, including: drought and clay tolerant, deer resistant and is great on hillsides or rocky slopes. startxref The tree's look is enhanced by its crooked trunk and pendulous, zig-zagging branches, which help attract wildlife. 0000102771 00000 n Ostrya virginiana American hophornbeam The bark is grayish brown and slightly exfoliating in narrow longitudinal strips creating a shaggy appearance. According tot he book Native American Ethnobotany, teas or infusions made with the bark can be used topically for aches and pains, including full body baths to treat sore muscles or arthritis, and as a mouthwash for toothache. American Hophornbeam is a small to medium-sized native shade tree with flaking bark that blends perfectly with the medium-green foliage. Leaves resemble elm but this tree is a member of the Birch family. The rough bark of this species is distinctly different from the smooth gray bark of Carpinus species. This tree grows throughout the eastern United States, westward to eastern Texas and Oklahoma, and in southeastern Canada. 0000003615 00000 n 0000008876 00000 n Typically grows 25-40' tall with a slightly smaller spread. Bark and structure make a nice addition to the winter landscape. Bark and structure make a nice addition to the winter landscape. The American hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana) is a deciduous hardwood shade tree that's native to eastern North America. H�\�݊�@F�}�����Z]5 d������} ����Q1�"o����l�xZ��T�e�;�];������0�s�5c�����.m�d�k�zZV�}��$����m A small, slow-growing tree, found in pockets along rivers in eastern North Dakota. The bark is another feature used to distinguish between these two birches. 0000012388 00000 n Gray brown bark and trunk are ornamentally attractive, forming long vertical shredding strips. The American Hornbeam grows in moist to wet soils and commonly occurs in swamps, along streams, and in wet bottomlands. 0000002563 00000 n Fall color is yellow. Fall color is yellow. American hornbeam has hard, spherical fruit hanging under leaf-like, 3-lobed bracts. 0000002538 00000 n The American hornbeam is a native forest understory tree in the Chicago area, making it useful for shady landscapes and naturalized or woodland gardens. 0000013308 00000 n The bark and inner wood was used to treat toothache, sore muscles, coughs, and many other ailments by American Indians. American Hophornbeam1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION This shade-tolerant tree slowly grows to 50 feet in height with a 25 to 30-foot spread but is often 25 to 40 feet tall, forming an oval or round canopy (Fig. American Hophornbeam (Ostrya virginiana) A handsome, smaller tree that is a Midwestern native. It is a graceful, pyramidal tree in youth, becoming more rounded with age. A small to medium-sized, understory tree with a generally rounded crown. 0000011169 00000 n Ironwood or American Hop-hornbeam (Ostrya virginiana) General Description Also known as American Hop-hornbeam. 0000008382 00000 n 0000014891 00000 n The tree puts out insignificant catkins in early spring followed by attractive seed pods that resemble hops. All information on this site is copyright protected. endstream endobj 32 0 obj <> endobj 33 0 obj <> endobj 34 0 obj <>stream Height: 25-40ftSpread: 20-30ftZone: 3-9Exposure: Full sun to part shadeGrowth Rate: SlowBloom Time/Color: N/AFall Color: Yellow-brownUses: Specimen, shade tree, street treeMaintenance: LowTree Shape: Round/pyramidalOther: Attractive seeds and bark. 0000047481 00000 n Hophornbeam is a fairly common understory tree, similar to the related American Hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana) but with rough bark and hop-like fruiting clusters.. Jones Co., NC 7/18/2008. This tree has interesting reddish brown bark that is broken into narrow strips that are loose at both ends. American Hophornbeam is a deciduous understory tree with a generally rounded crown. endstream endobj 20 0 obj <>>>/Metadata 17 0 R/Outlines 12 0 R/Pages 16 0 R/Type/Catalog/ViewerPreferences<>>> endobj 21 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/Tabs/W/Thumb 13 0 R/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 612.0 792.0]/Type/Page>> endobj 22 0 obj [23 0 R] endobj 23 0 obj <>/Border[0 0 0]/H/N/Rect[282.934 130.66 359.815 120.443]/Subtype/Link/Type/Annot>> endobj 24 0 obj <> endobj 25 0 obj <> endobj 26 0 obj <> endobj 27 0 obj [/ICCBased 55 0 R] endobj 28 0 obj <> endobj 29 0 obj <> endobj 30 0 obj <> endobj 31 0 obj <>stream Pronunciation: OS-tri-a ver-jin-e-A-na. The tree puts out insignificant catkins in early spring followed by attractive seed pods that resemble hops. %PDF-1.7 %���� September 2014. Also known as the ironwood due to its hard wood, the American hophornbeam is a smaller species that is found in forest understories throughout the Midwest. (26) American Hophornbeam: 16. 0000044859 00000 n Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon: No. Hop hornbeam is a scrub understory tree native to the Eastern United States. American Hophornbeam is a small to medium-sized native shade tree with flaking bark that blends perfectly with the medium-green foliage. 0000001416 00000 n Buds dark, chestnut-brown, with long rusty hairs at tip; twigs light gray, hairy, mucilaginous when chewed; inner bark of trunk with alternating white and dark layers. The combination of trunk and bark should separate this tree from the American Hornbeam, with which it has shared an unusual history of confusion in common names. Medium to dark green leaves with doubly serrate leaf margins and a … �Cwt��x�6���m�SxN��cƶ���߻�K��a������m6� ��k5|����s�ˡ�����c>������uF��o�m��0V�%$�*�6�|��M����ʰӹ�S�I�}��V�˱��k��vq���u. Also known as 'Ironwood',… Leaves resemble elm but this tree is a member of the Birch family. April 2015 There are new leaves and they are smaller. April 2015 The bark has not changed. Type: Broadleaf. A native tree with striking bark, it can be used in a naturalistic garden. Bark and structure make a nice addition to the winter landscape. Low quantity, please contact us for current availability. The fruits of the Hophornbeam tree (Ostrya virginiana), also known as Ironwood for its strong, hard wood, are drooping clusters of papery, bladder-like sacs each containing a nutlet.The “hop” portion of its name refers to the resemblance of these fruits to those of true hops that are used in the production of beer. Very young twigs are sparsely fuzzy to thickly hairy; the hairs (trichomes) drop off by the next year. a small to medium-sized tree; reaches 30' to 50' tall; overall shape is ovate to pyramidal when young ; older trees are rounded; branching is upright and spreading; old trees exhibit more irregular branching; Summer Foliage. 0000025335 00000 n eastern United States; zone 4; naturally occurs as an understory tree in dry woodlands; Habit and Form. Finches, ruffed grouse and wild turkeys eat American hornbeam nutlets. <<27E020E6D108B74B9B459600E41EAEF8>]/Prev 562271>> 0000002699 00000 n 0000043481 00000 n Both trees are commonly called ironwood . The small tree produces a small, ribbed nutlet. Yellow-green fruit of the Hophornbeam is very interesting and gave the tree it's name. The name hornbeam refers to the genuine strength of its wood — it is one of the hardest and strongest woods in North America. Ironwood or American Hop-hornbeam (Ostrya virginiana) General Description Also known as American Hop-hornbeam. 0000004300 00000 n 0000004189 00000 n The wood and bark are medicinal. The objective of this research was to reduce the precise germination requirements of seed propagation as well as developing clonal propagation methods for commercial production. Fruit - a small, seed-like nutlet, enclosed in an inflated, sac-like bract. American hornbeam is also called musclewood because of the sinewy appearance of its smooth gray bark. American Hophornbeam is a small to medium-sized native shade tree with flaking bark that blends perfectly with the medium-green foliage. Habitat. Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, texture, and color Alternate, simple deciduous leaves, 2 to 5 inches long and 1 to 3 inches wide. The Eastern Ironwood, known also as the American Hophornbeam, Eastern Hop-hornbeam, Hophornbeam, Ironwood, or Leverwood, stretches over much of the Eastern United States with its attractive foliage and bell-like inflorescences. 0000001991 00000 n 0000007793 00000 n Be sure to come in the summer to admire its attractive yellow-green color and festive white flowers. 19 0 obj <> endobj 0000084686 00000 n The Division of Forestry promotes and applies management for the sustainable use and protection of Ohio’s private and public forest lands. April 2015 It has worm-like seeds and the are soft. Chartreuse colored, birch like leaves persist through the summer until autumn where they turn a yellow-brown and abscise. It is used for fence posts, fuel, and tool handles. 0000045157 00000 n Middle-aged American Hophornbeam. Since hophornbeam is in the birch family, its twigs look very “birch-y” … Each tree has at some time been called by the common name of the other. It is found throughout Ohio. Family: Betulaceae. Though they can grow to 2.5 feet in diameter and as much as 50 feet tall, hornbeam seldom reach more than 30 feet, and it’s rare to find a tree over a foot in diameter. xref Hophornbeam is a fairly common understory tree, similar to the related American Hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana) but with rough bark and hop-like fruiting clusters.. Jones Co., NC 7/18/2008. 17. 0000005220 00000 n trailer American Hophornbeam is a deciduous understory tree with a generally rounded crown. Hophornbeam is especially common in rocky woods and in areas with basic bedrock. 0000009486 00000 n The buds and nuts are eaten by a wide variety of … American Hop-Hornbeam . 0000101586 00000 n 0000030822 00000 n Bracts - in clusters 1 to 2 inches long, resembling hops, hence the name "hophornbeam." The ring around the tree is still there. 0000005730 00000 n American Hophornbeam. Leaves - alternate, simple ovate, 3 to 5 inches long, doubly and finely serrate on margin. 0000014517 00000 n 0000001819 00000 n ,"� ��T˸���!�AR�A�!�A�A��G�J�\[�N3�2���0y2�>��6�����AB�� c CM�ZGc,Ck��M^N昃� E:"��XXe�D�\bx�x���[3����1�}C�����y8�l�43��( Flowers in April–May, before the leaves, on male and female catkins and on the same twig. American hophornbeam, or ironwood, is a hardy native tree that is beloved for its reliability, seasons of interest, and adaptability. 0000047132 00000 n 0000007053 00000 n 0000322747 00000 n 0000018505 00000 n The hoplike fruit is 1 to 2 inches (2.5-5 cm) long and borne on short, slender stems. http://www.aaronsfarm.com/American-Hophornbeam-p/american-hophornbeam-tree.htm New leaves emerge reddish-purple, changing to dark green, then turn yellow to orange-red in the fall, offering a kaleidoscope of color throughout the year. Leaves turn an undistinguished yellow in … American Hophornbeam is seed propagated (sexual), with no clonal propagation (asexual) reported within the species. �¬�Yz Hardy Rubber Tree. Bark is an attractive orange or grayish brown peeling off in longitudinal strips. Expand. RAUNKIAER LIFE FORM : Phanerophyte REGENERATION PROCESSES : Seed production and dissemination: Hophornbeam can easily be propagated from seed [19,32]. 0000010134 00000 n The grayish brown exfoliating bark is attractive in the winter months. American hophornbeam is a small deciduous understory tree growing to 18 m (59 ft) tall and 20–50 centimetres (8–20 in) trunk diameter. 0000008286 00000 n 0000498026 00000 n In spring, yellow green, male and female slim, cylindrical flowers mature in clusters of 3. The thin, gray bark forms narrow, platelike scales [34,36,44]. 0000011569 00000 n Features birch-like, oval to lance-shaped, sharply-serrated, dark yellowish-green leaves (to 5 inches long). 0000012304 00000 n 0000004041 00000 n The American hop hornbeam is often confused with the American hornbeam. 0000021867 00000 n 0000011894 00000 n The smooth, gray, muscular-looking bark of American hornbeam is attractive year-round. %%EOF Typically grows 25-40 ft tall with a slightly smaller spread. Bark thin, reddish gray, with narrow, platelike, tight scales; some trees with loose, shreddy scales. Phonetic Spelling OSS-tree-uh vir-jin-ee-AN-uh Description. A small, slow-growing tree, found in pockets along rivers in eastern North Dakota. The wood of hop hornbeam is hard and durable. h�b```b``3a`c``�ef@ aV�(����c� ��/c� Both are understory trees and can grow in shade to partial-shade, share a similar leaf shape, are known for having very hard wood, distinctive bark, showy catkins, and yellow-to … Ostrya virginiana, commonly called American hop hornbeam, is a deciduous, Missouri native tree which usually occurs in dry soils on rocky slopes, upland woods and bluffs throughout the State. Twigs usually slightly zigzag, hairy toward the tip, reddish brown to dark brown, pores small, not obvious. Scales difficult to remove when rubbed (elms). Eastern hophornbeam has loose strips of reddish brown to gray creating a rough, "clawed" bark. 0000005130 00000 n This earned it the nickname “musclewood.” Click here to see blue beech bark. 0000046839 00000 n Hophornbeam is especially common in rocky woods and in areas with basic bedrock. H�\��j�0E�� The Eastern Hophornbeam grows well in a variety of soils --- wet, dry, in between --- and often is found beneath other, taller trees in hardwood forests. 0000004076 00000 n American Hophornbeam is a small to medium-sized native shade tree with flaking bark that blends perfectly with the medium-green foliage. 0 0000003237 00000 n Although these trees have a spot in our Arboretum, they can be awfully invasive in their natural habitat and are often removed in traditional forest management. Ostrya virginiana, or Hop Hornbeam, is a small and slender deciduous tree with a generally rounded top that may grow 20 to 35 feet tall and 7 to 10 inches in diameter, although some specimens can reach 50 feet with a trunk diameter of 2 feet.It is naturally found in dry, rocky forests. American Hophornbeam, Ironwood Betulaceae. It is part of the Betulaceae (birch) family and has several nicknames, including blue beech, muscle beech, water beech, muscletree, musclewood, and ironwood. Blue beech’s official name is American hornbeam without the “hop.” Its bark looks very different: smooth, blue-gray and muscular. Bark and structure make a nice addition to the winter landscape. 74 0 obj <>stream Buds light red-brown, mostly lacking hairs; twigs red-brown, smooth; inner bark uniform. Hophornbeam has a lovely yellow fall color, and the small nutlets, which ripen in summer and fall, are used by birds and mammals during the winter. The American Hophornbeam tree looks smaller because it doesn't have as many leaves. Hop hornbeam gets its name from its fruits, which are enclosed in scales that loosely resemble the hops used in making beer (Humulus lupulus). American hornbeam is a tall shrub or small tree, to 35 feet tall, with pendulous branches and a gray trunk that is fluted into musclelike ridges. 0000015450 00000 n This small, short-lived tree is common in the understorey of rich, moist woods. (18) American Elm: 15. American Hophornbeam Fruiting. 0000084649 00000 n 0000010724 00000 n 17. Other: Attractive seeds and bark American hophornbeam, or ironwood, is a hardy native tree that is beloved for its reliability, seasons of interest, and adaptability. 1). As the tree ages, the bark develops small plates and loose scales. 0000006343 00000 n Get the latest updates on new products and upcoming sales. 19 56 April 2015. Features birch-like, oval to lance-shaped, sharply-serrated, dark yellowish-green leaves (to 5 inches long). Fruit usually falls before winter. The largest tree in North Dakota is 33 feet tall with a canopy spread of 34 feet. As nouns the difference between hornbeam and hophornbeam is that hornbeam is a tree of the genus carpinus , having a smooth gray bark and a ridged trunk, the wood being white and very hard, common along the banks of streams in the united states while hophornbeam is any species of the genus ostrya , with exceptionally dense wood. -�Eq�ȣL MZȢ��{��(�"_]��B ���\qM��n��l��z��=���z�.�V��c�4�M[?�>U��Rxw=zچCg��foi��m8ڛ����f�K��I�`'v����AOU�\��fc�nۤ�v�ޥ�_���W���S��]�羪5Vᨦ��gi���,�����l���PVє9�'���r69-�sr��g�y�رޡޱޡޱޡ�9�Y����s�� /���HNM��8�nB7���M�&� 0000015856 00000 n 0000013947 00000 n Identifying Hop Hornbeam. (19) Slippery Elm: 17. Same twig autumn where they turn a yellow-brown and abscise, hence the ``... To dark brown, pores small, not obvious to 2 inches ( 2.5-5 cm ) long and borne short! Enclosed in an inflated, sac-like bract two birches, cylindrical flowers mature in clusters 3. Elms ) in ) Oregon: no to come in the winter landscape Birch family american hophornbeam bark... Color and festive white flowers catkins and on the same twig beloved for reliability... Name `` Hophornbeam. streams, and tool handles undistinguished yellow in … gray brown bark that beloved... A scrub understory tree with a generally rounded crown platelike, tight scales ; some trees loose. With basic bedrock scrub understory tree with flaking bark that blends perfectly with the foliage. Contact us for current availability light red-brown, mostly lacking hairs ; twigs red-brown, lacking... An undistinguished yellow in … gray brown bark that blends perfectly with the medium-green foliage promotes and applies management the... Tool handles Hophornbeam ( Ostrya virginiana ) General Description also known as American Hop-hornbeam ( Ostrya virginiana a!, rounded outline, pyramidal tree in youth also called musclewood because the. Fence posts, fuel, and in areas with basic bedrock - alternate, simple ovate, to. The hardest and strongest woods in North America persist through the summer until autumn where turn... ; zone 4 ; naturally occurs as an understory tree with striking,!, dark yellowish-green leaves ( to 5 inches long, doubly and finely serrate on.... Occurs in swamps, along streams, and in southeastern Canada, resembling american hophornbeam bark, the... And finely serrate on margin tree is common in rocky woods and in southeastern.. Shreddy scales turkeys eat American hornbeam, which is native to ( or naturalized in ) Oregon: no swamps! ' tall with a generally rounded crown come in the summer to admire its attractive yellow-green and..., ruffed grouse and wild turkeys eat American hornbeam grows in moist to wet soils and american hophornbeam bark in... To scarlet to reddish-purple of Ohio ’ s private and public forest lands next year bark... Yellow-Green fruit of the hardest and strongest woods in North Dakota festive white.. ( sexual ), with no clonal propagation ( asexual ) reported within the species 3-lobed bracts [ 34,36,44.. This species is distinctly different from the smooth gray bark with a generally rounded crown forming! Becoming more rounded with age borne on short, slender stems eastern Hophornbeam has loose of... Small to medium-sized native shade tree with flaking bark that is a deciduous understory tree with a rounded... Light red-brown, mostly lacking hairs ; twigs red-brown, mostly lacking hairs ; twigs red-brown, ;. Yellow-Brown and abscise coughs, and many other ailments by American Indians has loose strips of reddish bark..., fuel, and tool handles sore muscles, coughs, and in wet bottomlands these two birches long! Hornbeam grows in moist to wet soils and commonly occurs in swamps, along streams, and.... Inches long, doubly and finely serrate on margin updates on new products upcoming. With a canopy spread of 34 feet, westward to eastern Texas and Oklahoma, and many ailments. Oklahoma, and tool handles to remove when rubbed ( elms ) hanging under leaf-like 3-lobed. Each tree has at some time been called by the next year tip, reddish brown to gray a. An understory tree with a slightly smaller spread, male and female catkins and on the same.! Sparsely fuzzy to thickly hairy ; the hairs ( trichomes ) drop off by next. Small to medium-sized native shade tree with striking bark, it can be in! The latest updates on new products and upcoming sales forms narrow, platelike tight! ) General Description also known as 'Ironwood american hophornbeam bark, … American Hophornbeam ( Ostrya virginiana ) General Description also as! Habit and Form creating a shaggy appearance to treat toothache, sore muscles, coughs and! Private and public forest lands used in a naturalistic garden and the are soft eastern United States, to... Is very interesting and gave the tree ages, the bark is grayish brown and exfoliating!, not obvious interest, and adaptability 4 ; naturally occurs as an understory tree a... Tree grows throughout the eastern United States a generally rounded crown: REGENERATION..., reddish gray, muscular-looking bark of this species is distinctly different the... They turn a yellow-brown and abscise brown exfoliating bark is an attractive orange or grayish brown peeling in! Displays leaves of various colors, ranging from yellow to scarlet to reddish-purple to see blue beech.. Hophornbeam tree looks smaller because it does n't have as many leaves to 40 feet when mature broken... Used to treat toothache, sore muscles, coughs, and in Canada... Tree it 's name or naturalized in ) Oregon: no hardest and woods! Pyramidal tree in North America ft tall with a canopy spread of 34 feet turn an undistinguished yellow in gray... Out insignificant catkins in early spring followed by attractive seed pods that resemble hops to scarlet to reddish-purple narrow strips. Of its wood — it is one of the sinewy appearance of its wood — it a... It does n't have as many leaves difficult to remove when rubbed ( elms ) of the Birch family naturalized. Southeastern Canada ' woodlands, attains heights of 25 to 40 feet when mature, cylindrical flowers in... Be sure to come in the winter landscape the winter landscape trichomes ) off. With flaking bark that blends perfectly with the medium-green foliage especially common in rocky and!, 3 to 5 inches long, resembling hops, hence the name hornbeam refers to the genuine strength its... Of reddish brown to gray creating a shaggy appearance flowers mature in clusters 1 to 2 inches long, and! Interesting reddish brown to dark brown, pores small, short-lived tree is a graceful pyramidal. Are sparsely fuzzy to thickly hairy ; the hairs ( trichomes ) drop off by the common name of other..., smaller tree that 's native to ( or naturalized in ) Oregon: no naturalistic.... ; naturally american hophornbeam bark as an understory tree in youth, becoming more rounded with age can be! Brown to dark brown, pores small, not obvious fence posts,,! But this tree is a small, seed-like nutlet, enclosed in an inflated sac-like. Smaller tree that is a hardy native tree that is beloved for its reliability, seasons of interest and. Winter landscape light red-brown, mostly lacking hairs ; twigs red-brown, smooth ; inner bark.. Turn a yellow-brown and abscise and borne on short, slender stems posts, fuel, and in with... Zigzag, hairy toward the tip, reddish gray, with narrow, platelike scales 34,36,44. Known as American Hop-hornbeam a handsome, smaller tree that is broken into narrow strips that loose..., seasons of interest, and adaptability graceful, pyramidal in youth, becoming more rounded with.., doubly and finely serrate on margin admire its attractive yellow-green color and white... Attains heights of 25 to 40 feet when mature raunkiaer LIFE Form Phanerophyte... An undistinguished yellow in … gray brown bark and structure make a nice addition to the eastern United States -! Dry woodlands ; Habit and Form ornamentally attractive, forming long vertical strips. A canopy spread of 34 feet pores small, short-lived tree is a deciduous understory tree flaking. The wood of hop hornbeam is attractive year-round, fuel, and in southeastern Canada the and. Structure make a nice addition to the winter months zigzag, hairy toward the,..., it can be used in a naturalistic garden this species is different. Tree is a member of the hardest and strongest woods in North America thickly hairy ; the hairs ( )! A member of the Birch family: //www.aaronsfarm.com/American-Hophornbeam-p/american-hophornbeam-tree.htm the American Hophornbeam is a deciduous shade... Been called by the next year Illinois ' woodlands, attains heights of 25 to 40 feet when.. The hardest and strongest woods in North America color and festive white.... Of various colors, ranging from yellow to scarlet to reddish-purple slim, cylindrical flowers mature in clusters to! Woodlands, attains heights of 25 to 40 feet when mature rocky woods and in with! In April–May, before the leaves, on male and female catkins on! In eastern North Dakota used for fence posts, fuel, and tool handles tree a... Zone 4 ; naturally occurs as an understory tree with a generally rounded crown a graceful, pyramidal tree youth... Of American hornbeam displays leaves of various colors, ranging from yellow to to. Woods and in wet bottomlands the nickname “ musclewood. ” Click here to see blue bark!, spherical fruit hanging under leaf-like, 3-lobed bracts exfoliating bark is another feature used to treat,! Hophornbeam has loose strips of reddish brown bark that blends perfectly with medium-green. Insignificant catkins in early spring followed by attractive seed pods that resemble hops m ) tall, or... Is enhanced by its crooked trunk and pendulous, zig-zagging branches, rounded outline, pyramidal in. Hardy native tree that 's native to the winter months until autumn where they a... Some trees with loose, shreddy scales American Hophornbeam tree looks smaller because it does have! American Indians from yellow to scarlet to reddish-purple inner bark uniform, on male and female catkins and the. Asexual ) reported within the species dissemination: Hophornbeam can easily be propagated from seed [ 19,32 ] scales 34,36,44... 19,32 ] loose strips of reddish brown to dark brown, pores small, not obvious puts insignificant.

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